1. inborn, innate, inherent, hereditary, natural, constitutional, inherited, inbred When he was 17, he died of congenital heart disease. 2. (Informal) complete, confirmed, chronic, utter, hardened, thorough, habitual, incurable, inveterate, incorrigible, deep-dyed (usually derogatory) He is a congenital liar adjective of or relating to a condition present at birth, whether inherited or caused by the environment, especially the uterine environment. having by nature a specified character: a congenital fool existing at, and usually before, birth; referring to conditions that are present at birth, regardless of their causation

Some common synonyms of congenital are hereditary, inborn, inbred, and innate. While all these words mean not acquired after birth, congenital and hereditary refer to what is acquired before or at birth, the former to things acquired during fetal development and the latter to things transmitted from one's ancestors. a congenital heart murmu Congenital conditions and diseases are present at or before the birth of a baby Congenital anomalies are also known as birth defects, congenital disorders or congenital malformations Congenital anomalies comprise a wide range of abnormalities of body structure or function that are present at birth and are of prenatal origin. For efficiency and practicality, the focus is commonly on major structural anomalies A birth defect, also known as a congenital disorder, is a condition present at birth regardless of its cause. Birth defects may result in disabilities that may be physical, intellectual, or developmental. The disabilities can range from mild to severe

Congenital myasthenic syndromes (CMS) are a group of genetic conditions that all include muscle weakness that gets worse with physical activity. There are many subtypes of CMS with different symptoms, severity, and treatments congenital definition: 1. A congenital disease or condition exists at or from birth: 2. used to say that someone always. Learn more Find 20 ways to say CONGENITAL, along with antonyms, related words, and example sentences at Thesaurus.com, the world's most trusted free thesaurus Congenital heart defects (CHDs) are the most common type of birth defect. As medical care and treatment have advanced, babies with a CHD are living longer and healthier lives. Learn more facts about CHDs below. What are Congenital Heart Defects (CHDs) Congenital thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (congenital TTP) is a blood disorder in which blood clots form in the small blood vessels throughout the body

Congenital CMV and Birth Defects Cytomegalovirus, or CMV, is a very common member of the herpes family of viruses. By age 40, half of the adult population has been infected with CMV. Usually, a CMV infection is short-lived, does not produce noticeable symptoms, and afterward lies dormant in the body for life Congenital toxoplasmosis is a disease that occurs in fetuses infected with Toxoplasma gondii, a protozoan parasite, which is transmitted from mother to fetus. It can cause miscarriage or..

Congenital - definition of congenital by The Free Dictionar

Congenital conditions are those present from birth. Birth defects are described as being congenital. They can be caused by a genetic mutation, an unfavorable environment in the uterus, or a combination of both factors Congenital syphilis is a chronic infectious disease caused by a spirochete (treponema pallidum) acquired by the fetus in the uterus before birth. Symptoms of this disease may not become apparent until several weeks or months after birth and, in some cases, may take years to appear 'In terms of congenital defects, the first trimester of pregnancy is the exposure period of interest.' 'Some cases are due to congenital syndromes and others may be related to drug use such as steroids or marijuana.' 'It can be caused by congenital defects or problems with the blood clotting. Congenital heart disease can affect any of these heart structures, including the arteries, valves, chambers and the wall of tissue that separates the chambers (septum). Risk factors. Certain environmental and genetic risk factors might play a role in the development of congenital heart disease, including

Congenital Definition of Congenital at Dictionary

Congenital definition of Congenital by Medical dictionar

  1. Congenital heart defects, or diseases, are problems with the heart's structure that are present at birth. They may change the normal flow of blood through the heart. Congenital heart defects are the most common type of birth defect. There are many types of congenital heart defects
  2. A congenital nevus, also known as a mole, is a type of pigmented birthmark that appears at birth or during a baby's first year. These occur in 1% to 2% of the population. These moles are frequently found on the trunk or limbs, although they can appear anywhere on the body
  3. Congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a viral infection that your child gets before birth. CMV is passed from an infected mother through the placenta to her unborn baby. CMV can be harmful to an unborn baby and lead to severe health problems. A CMV infection increases your baby's risk for hearing or vision problems

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is a genetic condition you are born with. It impacts your adrenal glands. With treatment, many people find symptom relief and lead healthy lives Congenital heart disease, also known as congenital heart defect, is a heart abnormality present at birth. Learn about its symptoms, causes, and treatment The purpose of the heart is to pump blood to the body in order to nourish it. Heart failure doesn't mean that the heart has stopped working, but that it just isn't able to pump enough blood to meet the needs of the body.. This may happen when the heart muscle itself is weaker than normal or when there is a defect in the heart that prevents blood from getting out into the circulation

Congenital Synonyms, Congenital Antonyms Merriam-Webster

Congenital arrhythmia management and electrophysiological procedures; Congenital cardiac surgery; We care for adult patients with all forms of congenital heart conditions including: Newly diagnosed congenital heart defects such as atrial septal defects, ventricular septal defects, and patent foramen oval Congenital scoliosis is the failure of normal vertebral development during 4th to 6th week of gestation caused by developmental defect in the formation of the mesenchymal anlage; Epidemiology . incidence . prevalence in general population estimated at 1% to 4%; Causes. most cases occur spontaneously. Congenital constriction band syndrome This occurs when a tissue band forms around a finger or arm, causing problems that can affect blood flow and normal growth. Ring constrictions are congenital (present at birth). This condition may be associated with other birth defects, such as clubfoot, cleft lip, or cleft palate Congenital lung disorders, also known as cystic lung disease or congenital lung malformations, occur while a baby is still in its mother's womb. Most congenital lung disorders are discovered during prenatal ultrasounds. About 10 percent of congenital lung disorders are diagnosed at birth, while another 14 percent show up by age 15 Congenital hypothyroidism, previously known as cretinism, is a severe deficiency of thyroid hormone in newborns. It causes impaired neurological function, stunted growth, and physical deformities

Birth Defects and Congenital Anomalies | Symptoms and Causes. What causes birth defects? Most birth defects are caused by genetic or environmental factors or a combination of the two (multifactorial birth defects). In most cases, however, the cause is unknown The fetus, newborn, and young infant with congenital Toxoplasma infection are at risk of infection-associated complications, particularly retinal disease that can continue into adulthood. The clinical features and diagnosis of congenital toxoplasmosis will be reviewed here. The treatment, outcome, and prevention of congenital toxoplasmosis are.

What is congenital scoliosis? Congenital scoliosis is a sideways curvature of the spine that babies are born with. Of the three main types of scoliosis, congenital scoliosis is the least common, affecting about 1 in 10,000 newborns.. Congenital scoliosis occurs when the vertebrae do not form normally before a baby is born Synonyms for congenital in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for congenital. 40 synonyms for congenital: inborn, innate, inherent, hereditary, natural, constitutional. INTRODUCTION. Congenital hypothyroidism is one of the most common treatable causes of intellectual disability (mental retardation). Screening programs have been established in most developed countries to detect and treat this disorder, which affects approximately 1 in 2000 to 1 in 4000 newborns [].The treatment and neurocognitive outcome of congenital hypothyroidism will be reviewed here Congenital melanocytic nevi (CMN) are visible pigmented (melanocytic) proliferations in the skin that are present at birth. CMN are benign, tumor-like malformations resulting from faulty development of pigment cell (melanocyte) precursors in the embryo, and composed of an abnormal mixture of skin elements Congenital lung malformations are an uncommon medical problem, but one that can be particularly frightening for expectant parents. Fortunately, most of these babies will do very well, and professionals are there to provide support and treatment if needed. Work with your medical team to figure out a management plan that makes sense for your family

Congenital heart defects are the most commonly occurring birth defect. A baby's heart begins to develop at conception, and is completely formed by eight weeks into the pregnancy. Congenital heart defects happen during these crucial first eight weeks of the baby's development Congenital disorder, abnormality of structure and, consequently, function of the human body arising during development. This large group of disorders affects almost 5 percent of infants and includes several major groups of conditions. Malformations are abnormalities of the human form that aris What does congenital mean? Existing as such at birth. (adjective) A congenital disease

Congenital vocal fold paralysis is the second most common congenital laryngeal abnormality (15-20% of all cases). It is usually idiopathic (47% of individuals) but may be seen where there is neuromuscular immaturity or where there are central nervous system (CNS) abnormalities (eg, Arnold-Chiari malformation , cerebral palsy , hydrocephalus. Giant congenital melanocytic nevus is a skin condition characterized by an abnormally dark, noncancerous skin patch (nevus) that is composed of pigment-producing cells called melanocytes. Explore symptoms, inheritance, genetics of this condition Congenital ptosis has physical, functional, and psychological consequences. The method of repair depends on treatment goals, the underlying diagnosis, and the degree of levator function. Although the primary reason for the repair is functional, the surgeon has an opportunity through this procedure to produce symmetry in lid height, contour, and.

Congenital abnormalities are caused by problems during the fetus's development before birth. It is important for moms and dads to be healthy and have good medical care before and during pregnancy to reduce the risk of preventable congenital anomalies The STS Congenital Heart Surgery Database (CHSD) is the largest database in North America dealing with congenital cardiac malformations. The CHSD contains more than 475,000 congenital heart surgery procedure records and currently has more than 1,000 participating physicians, including surgeons and anesthesiologists Congenital syphilis is a multisystem infection caused by Treponema pallidum and transmitted to the fetus via the placenta. Early signs are characteristic skin lesions, lymphadenopathy, hepatosplenomegaly, failure to thrive, blood-stained nasal discharge, perioral fissures, meningitis, choroiditis, hydrocephalus, seizures, intellectual disability, osteochondritis, and pseudoparalysis (Parrot. Without treatment, children with congenital hypothyroidism can develop permanent mental disabilities. They also may have a poor appetite and breathing problems. What Causes Congenital Hypothyroidism? Most cases of congenital hypothyroidism happen because the thyroid doesn't form correctly in the baby during pregnancy

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Congenital Conditions and Diseases - Verywell Healt

  1. Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) occurs when there is a hole in the diaphragm, which is the thin sheet of muscle separating the chest from the abdomen. When this gap forms during a fetus's development in the womb, the bowel, stomach or even the liver can move into the chest cavity
  2. The terms congenital heart defect and congenital heart disease are often used to mean the same thing, but defect is more accurate. This kind of heart ailment is a defect or abnormality, not a disease. A congenital heart defect (CHD) results when the heart, or blood vessels near the heart, don't develop normally before birth
  3. The Cove Point Foundation Congenital Heart Resource Center is the world's largest resource for information on pediatric and adult congenital heart disease. Cove Point contains comprehensive information on all congenital heart defects, including Atrial Septal Defect (ASD), Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD), Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome (HLHS), and Tetralogy of Fallot (ToF)
  4. CONGENITAL LIARS---Initial Experiments. Show that the Drug is. Safe, Effective---by. Claudette Cadeeni. Medical Correspondent. In 2022 geneticists made a remarkable discovery. Among people who are just incapable of telling the truth, one in five is a congenital liar. That is, their constant lying is the result of a specific genetic defect
  5. Congenital syphilis is estimated to occur in 25-75% of exposed infants. At birth, infection manifests as neonatal rhinitis, osteitis, and skin bullae. Hutchinson's triad (abnormal teeth, interstitial keratitis and sensorineural deafness) arises later in untreated children
  6. Congenital esophageal stenosis is a narrowing of a region of the esophagus. A web, or diaphragm, consists of a thin squamous epithelial membrane in the esophageal lumen. It typically causes a partial obstruction in the middle to lower esophagus. Congenital muscular hypertrophy is characterized by submucosal proliferation of smooth muscle and.

Congenital anomalies - World Health Organizatio

  1. Many congenital anomalies do not fit into particular categories of either metaboli or chromosomal disorders or to a specific system. They may found as a single defect or a syndrome It includes, 1.Congenital cataract, 2.congenital glaucoma, 3.color blindness, 4.congenital deafness, 5.Mental retardation 6.Congenital biliary atresia,et
  2. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is the most common congenital infection in the United States, affecting 40,000 infants annually, and is one of the classic perinatal TORCH infections (Toxoplasmosis, Other (including syphilis), Rubella, CMV, Herpes simplex virus). The most common manifestation of congenital CMV infection is sensorineural hearing loss (i.e., hearing loss due to inner ear or.
  3. True congenital exotropia (with a fixed exotropia) is an extremely rare form of strabismus and may occur with systemic disease in as many as 60% of patients. Patients with craniofacial syndromes, ocular albinism, midline defects, and cerebral palsy may present with congenital exotropia
  4. 2. Atrial septal defect. Atrial septal defect is another common congenital heart defect. This condition is an abnormal hole between the upper two chambers of the heart, in the area known as the atria
  5. Echocardiography in Pediatric and Congenital Heart Disease: From Fetus to Adult [Lai, Wyman W., Mertens, Luc L., Cohen, Meryl S., Geva, Tal] on Amazon.com. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Echocardiography in Pediatric and Congenital Heart Disease: From Fetus to Adul

Congenital hemangiomas are non-cancerous (benign) tumors. They are present at birth. If large, some congenital hemangiomas are able to be diagnosed before a baby is born on a prenatal ultrasound. Congenital hemangiomas do not grow after birth. They may shrink or may not change in size. Congenital hemangiomas are different than the infantile type Congenital syphilis is the second leading cause of preventable stillbirth globally, preceded only by malaria. Preventable and treatable. Congenital syphilis is easily preventable and treatable - as long as testing and treatment are provided to pregnant women early during antenatal care. The risk of adverse outcomes to the fetus is minimal if. Childhood glaucoma — also referred to as congenital glaucoma, pediatric, or infantile glaucoma — occurs in babies and young children. It is usually diagnosed within the first year of life. This is a rare condition that may be inherited, caused by incorrect development of the eye's drainage system before birth Congenital Weakness: General. Hypotonia: Clinical assessment . Traction response Maneuver Grasp child's hands; Pull to sitting position; Newborn: Head Lags behind; Drops forward suddenly when upright posture is reache Definition of congenital in the Definitions.net dictionary. Meaning of congenital. What does congenital mean? Information and translations of congenital in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web

1.4 Congenital Anomalies - Definitions CD

Birth defect - Wikipedi

Perioperative Nutritional Support and Malnutrition in Infants and Children with Congenital Heart Disease. Benjamin J. Toole MD; Lindsay E. Toole MS, RD, LD; Ursula G. Kyle MS, RD, LD; Antonio G. Cabrera MD; Renán A. Orellana MD; Jorge A. Coss‐Bu MD; Pages: 15-25; First Published: 22 April 201 Congenital points to a genetic defect. I think this would be difficult to establish, unless the person was willing to be genetically tested (if genes causing this have been identified). I suppose it could be inferred if it was an inherited characteristic. I very much doubt I would use the term congenital liar, except as hyperbole

Congenital myasthenic syndromes Genetic and Rare

  1. Knowledge of the embryologic development of the larynx is of prime importance in understanding how congenital anomalies appear clinically and how they should be managed. The development of the..
  2. As adjectives the difference between congenital and inherited is that congenital is (of a trait) present since birth while inherited is obtained via an inheritance. As a verb inherited is (inherit)
  3. The Cove Point Foundation Congenital Heart Resource Center is the world's largest resource for information on pediatric and adult congenital heart disease. Cove Point contains comprehensive information on all congenital heart defects, including Atrial Septal Defect (ASD), Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD), Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome (HLHS), and Tetralogy of Fallot (ToF)
  4. Congenital heart defects are the most common type of birth disorders in the United States, affecting nearly 1 percent of the annual births in the country, according to the Centers for Disease..
  5. Congenital cataracts refers to a lens opacity which is present at birth.Congenital cataracts cover a broad spectrum of severity: whereas some lens opacities do not progress and are visually insignificant, others can produce profound visual impairment
  6. Executive Summary. Congenital toxoplasmosis (CT) is a parasitic disease that can cause significant fetal and neonatal harm. Coordinated efforts by pregnant women, researchers, physicians, and health policy makers regarding potential primary and secondary preventive measures for CT and their implementation may lead to a lower incidence of CT as well as lower morbidity and mortality rates.

Congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection refers to a condition where cytomegalovirus is transmitted in the prenatal period. CMV is a member of the virus family herpesviridae and is the most common intrauterine infection Congenital heart defects are among the most common form of birth defects.More than 32,000 infants are born each year with some form of heart defect (1 out of every 125 to 150). The defect can be so slight that its effect does not appear for many years or until adulthood, while at other times the defect may require immediate attention

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CONGENITAL meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionar

How to pronounce congenital. How to say congenital. Listen to the audio pronunciation in the Cambridge English Dictionary. Learn more a. congénito Barney has a congenital brain disorder which affects his ability to hear certain frequencies.Barney tiene un desorden congénito del cerebro que afecta su capacidad de oír ciertas frecuencias. 2. (innate

CONGENITAL Synonyms: 20 Synonyms & Antonyms for CONGENITAL

Congenital heart disease (CHD) means you are born with a heart condition. It could be a malformation of the central big vessels or a problem with one or more areas of the heart or other blood vessels. Congenital heart disease includes all kinds of defects, from very simple to extremely complex ones If not recognized early, many congenital kidney and urinary tract problems can cause recurrent urinary tract infections and scarring in the kidneys, further compromising kidney function. Over time, these conditions may lead to chronic kidney disease and hypertension, which can affect a child's growth and development

What are Congenital Heart Defects? CD

A surprising number of readers of my Friday column seem to think that congenital is a synonym for genetic. Not so. Here is the. Merriam-Webster's Third entry for congenital By definition, primary congenital glaucoma (PCG) is present at birth. It is usually diagnosed at birth or shortly thereafter, and most cases are diagnosed during the first year of life. PCG is characterized by an abnormality in the development of the eye's drainage channel (a structure in the eye called the trabecular meshwork) Congenital Heart Disease. According to the American Heart Association, about 9 of every 1,000 babies born in the U.S. have a congenital heart defect. This is a problem that occurs as the baby's heart is developing during pregnancy, before the baby is born. Congenital heart defects are the most common birth defects Congenital hypothyroidism (CH) is thyroid hormone deficiency present at birth. If untreated for several months after birth, severe congenital hypothyroidism can lead to growth failure and permanent intellectual disability.Infants born with congenital hypothyroidism may show no effects, or may display mild effects that often go unrecognized as a problem As its name implies, congenital myasthenic syndromes (CMS) usually have a congenital (at or near birth) onset, but the disease can manifest in children and even in adults. The different types vary in the kind and degree of symptoms, but generally speaking, the earlier the symptoms appear, the more pronounced the disease is likely to be

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Congenital thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura Genetic

Congenital syphilis is the second leading cause of preventable stillbirth globally, preceded only by malaria Peterson and Herber (1967) noted that enzyme of fungal origin is effective treatment. Harms et al. (1987) found that lyophilized yeast by mouth is an effective treatment for sucrase-isomaltase deficiency. The test they used for this, the sucrose hydrogen breath test, is based on the fact that hydrogen is released from the malabsorbed sucrose by the colonic microflora Congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG) is a large group of rare, inherited disorders that affect a complex process in the body call glycosylation. Most children who have CDG have neurological issues and symptoms, developmental problems, growth delays, and problems with organs not working like they should.. As adjectives the difference between genetic and congenital is that genetic is genetic while congenital is congenital: originating before birth and continuing or progressing thereafter Congenital heart disease is a problem with the heart that is present at birth. Congenital is another way of saying your baby was born with it. Congenital heart defect is another term for congenital heart disease. It means the heart developed with some kind of flaw or weakness

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A congenital disorder is a medical condition that is present at or before birth. These conditions, also referred to as birth defects, can be acquired during the fetal stage of development or from the genetic make up of the parents Chromosomal disorder, any syndrome characterized by malformations or malfunctions in any of the body's systems, and caused by abnormal chromosome number or constitution. Normally, humans have 46 chromosomes arranged in 23 pairs; the pairs vary in size and shape and are numbered by convention Congenital muscular torticollis is a condition in which a baby's neck muscle is tight and short. This causes the neck to twist. Healthcare providers don't know what causes the condition. Congenital muscular torticollis may be seen at birth. Or it may not be found until a baby is at least a few weeks old The congenital melanocytic nevus is a type of melanocytic nevus (or mole) found in infants at birth.This type of birthmark occurs in an estimated 1% of infants worldwide; it is located in the area of the head and neck 15% of the time Congenital Muscular Dystrophy (CMD) Congenital muscular dystrophy (CMD) refers to a group of muscular dystrophies that become apparent at or near birth. Muscular dystrophies in general are genetic, degenerative diseases primarily affecting voluntary muscles

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